12 jun. 2018

In which countries do the most highly qualified and experienced teachers teach in the most difficult schools?

In which countries do the most highly qualified and experienced teachers teach in the most difficult schools?

Most countries can do more to oversee how teachers are allocated to schools: they should not only monitor the number of teachers, but also keep a close eye on their qualifications, experience and effectiveness. Any teacher policy that aims to tackle student disadvantage should strive to allocate high-quality teachers, and not just more teachers, to underprivileged students.

30 may. 2018

Five myths about education, debunked

Five myths about education, debunked



One of the reasons why we get stuck in education is that our thinking is framed by so many myths. So I start my new book, World Class: Building a 21st-century school system, by debunking some of the most common.
  • “The poor will always do badly in school.” That’s not true: the 10% most disadvantaged kids in Shanghai do better in maths than the 10% most advantaged students in large American cities.
  • “Immigrants will lower the performance of a country on international comparisons.” That’s not true: there is no relationship between the share of immigrant students and the quality of an education system; and the school systems in which immigrant students settle matter a lot more than the country where they came from. 
  • “Smaller classes mean better results.” That’s not true: whenever high-performing education systems have to make a choice between a smaller class and a better teacher, they go for the latter. Often it is small classes that have created the Taylorist culture where teachers end up doing nothing other than teaching, and don’t have the time to support individual students, collaborate with other teaching professionals or work with parents – activities that are hallmarks of high-performing education systems. 
  • “More time spent learning always means better results.” That’s not true: students in Finland spend little more than around half the number of hours studying than what students in the United Arab Emirates spend; but students in Finland learn a lot in a short time, while students in the United Arab Emirates learn very little in a lot of time. 
  • “The results in PISA are merely a reflection of culture.” That’s not true: rapidly improving education systems did not change their culture but their education policies and practices

7 may. 2018

Estudio de la OCDE sobre la Resiliencia en alumnos inmigrantes

Estudio de la OCDE sobre la Resiliencia en alumnos inmigrantes

OECD Reviews of Migrant Education

The Resilience of Studentswith an Immigrant Background 

FACTORS THAT SHAPE WELL-BEING

Migration flows are profoundly changing the composition of classrooms. Results from the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) reveal that in 2015, almost one in four 15-year-old students in OECD countries reported that they were either foreign-born or had at least one foreign-born parent. Between 2003 and 2015, the share of students who had either migrated or who had a parent who had migrated across international borders grew by six percentage points, on average across OECD countries.

The Resilience of Students with an Immigrant Background: Factors that Shape Well-being reveals some of the difficulties students with an immigrant background encounter and where they receive the support they need. The report provides an in-depth analysis of the risk and protective factors that can undermine or promote the resilience of immigrant students. It explores the role that education systems, schools and teachers can play in helping these students integrate into their communities, overcome adversity, and build their academic, social, emotional and motivational resilience.



Dixlesia y Lectura


¿Puede el cerebro de un/a niño/a o un/a adulto/a con dixlesia mejorar su capacidad lectora? La experta en dixlesia Guinevere Eden reflexiona sobre ello a la luz de las últimas investigaciones sobre la actividad cerebral durante el acto de lectura. Video: http://ow.ly/lq1w30jFAei


23 mar. 2018

Preparing teachers for 21st century challenges

Preparing teachers for 21st century challenges



This report shows how education systems can support teachers to meet these new demands and encourage a paradigm shift on what teaching and learning are about and how they should happen. Education systems need to create the conditions that encourage and enable innovation. They need to promote best practice through policies focused on professionalism, efficacy and effectiveness in order to help build teachers’ capacity for adopting new pedagogies. Due attention should also be paid to teachers’ sense of well-being so that classroom learning environments remain conducive to students’ own well-being and development.





20 mar. 2018

What can education systems do to support students with immigrant backgrounds?


What can education systems do to support students with immigrant backgrounds?


Many students with an immigrant background fail to achieve the academic, social and emotional outcomes that are comparable to those achieved by their native peers.

Despite the adversities they face, many students with an immigrant background actually overcome the various disadvantages that often accompany displacement, and display high levels of academic, social, emotional and motivational resilience. For example, as much as 49% of first-generation and 61% of second-generation immigrant students achieve at least baseline levels of proficiency in the three core PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) subjects of reading, mathematics and science; and as much as 59% of first-generation and 63% of second-generation immigrant students report feeling a strong sense of belonging at school. Crucially, many students with an immigrant background appear to be motivated to make the most of their educational opportunities: 71% of both first- and second-generation immigrant students report high levels of achievement motivation.

Schools in many communities are already working to promote the resilience of students with an immigrant background, often jointly with other social service providers and civil society, and with direct financial and logistical support from national, regional or local governments. The Strength through Diversity project has been facilitating dialogue among countries through its dedicated Policy Forum series, but more can be done. This new OECD report can help educators build the resilience, and ease the integration, of all students with an immigrant background.

The Resilience of Students with an Immigrant Background

Factors that Shape Well-being


18 mar. 2018

Equidad educativa en España: comparación regional a partir de PISA 2015


Equidad educativa en España: comparación regional a partir de PISA 2015


En esta monografía: "Equidad educativa en España: comparación regional a partir de PISA 2015", las profesoras Gabriela Sicilia y Rosa Simancas analizan la desigualdad y equidad educativas en España y, en particular, comparan la situación por Comunidades Autónomas, considerando múltiples dimensiones e indicadores. Basado en la información proporcionada por el programa PISA 2015, el enfoque de este estudio muestra, por primera vez, datos sobre todas las Comunidades Autónomas españolas con una muestra ampliada y representativa de la población, de alumnos de 15 años

DESIGUALDAD EDUCATIVA 
(..) la desviación típica de los resultados académicos es una de las medidas comúnmente utilizadas para reflejar el nivel de desigualdad educativa, donde mayor variabilidad en los resultados implica una mayor desigualdad. En España, la Comunidad Valenciana es la región que presenta menor desigualdad, seguida por Navarra y Castilla y León. En el otro extremo, se encuentran La Rioja, Andalucía y Cataluña. 
(..) la excelencia educativa, es decir, los alumnos que alcanzan un desempeño académico excelente (determinado por EQUIDAD EDUCATIVA EN ESPAÑA: COMPARACIÓN REGIONAL A PARTIR DE PISA 2015 31 los niveles 5 y 6 de la escala de competencias de PISA). En este sentido, las diferencias regionales son aún más acentuadas que en términos de pobreza. Mientras que en Castilla y León un 7,5% de los alumnos presentan un desempeño excelente, cifra similar a la media de la OCDE, esta cifra es cuatro veces inferior en las Islas Canarias (1,9%). 
Es decir, las CC.AA. que muestran mejor rendimiento medio, también muestran menor dispersión en los resultados (Castilla y León y Navarra) y viceversa, las regiones que peor rendimiento académico alcanzan también presentan mayor desigualdad (Andalucía y Extremadura). Esta débil relación se intensifi casi en lugar de aproximar la desigualdad mediante la desviación estándar, lo hacemos en función de la ratio entre el resultado del percentil 95 y 5 de la distribución de resultados17. En este caso, tres de las cuatro regiones con mejor desempeño son las que presentan menor desigualdad.

(..) la heterogeneidad entre las regiones es espectacular. Sin excepciones, el mejor rendimiento medio de Castilla y León, Navarra, Madrid y Galicia se caracteriza por un elevado porcentaje de alumnos excelentes y un reducido número de alumnos con rendimiento por debajo del nivel 2 de desempeño de PISA. En el caso de las CC.AA. con peores resultados medios, la situación es análoga (con signo contrario), donde el porcentaje de alumnos pobres supera el 20% de la población y el porcentaje de alumnos excelentes no supera el 3%. 
EQUIDAD EDUCATIVA
(..) excepciones que vale la pena destacar. Castilla y León y Galicia obtienen los mejores resultados académicos en promedio y son las más igualitarias de España, sin embargo, sus estudiantes no presentan un nivel socioeconómico particularmente elevado. Por el contrario, el País Vasco, teniendo un nivel socioeconómico promedio elevado (el segundo más alto en España), presenta un desempeño muy pobre (482 puntos PISA).
Galicia resulta la región más equitativa seguida de Castilla y León y País Vasco, con resultados más equitativos que la OCDE y que países como Finlandia, Canadá o Noruega.
DESIGUALDAD Y EQUIDAD EDUCATIVA  
Casi la totalidad de regiones se ubican en los cuadrantes primero (bajo porcentaje de alumnos excelentes y resilientes) y tercero (alto porcentaje de alumnos excelentes y resilientes). Las únicas excepciones son Cataluña, que teniendo mayor excelencia que el promedio de España, la resiliencia baja. El caso opuesto se observa en Castilla-La Mancha, que presenta un nivel de equidad por encima de la media de España, pero con un bajo porcentaje de alumnos excelentes.