21 mar. 2016

Learning by heart may not be best for your mind - PISA in focus 2012




Learning by heart may not be best for your mind


by Alfonso Echazarra
Analyst, Directorate for Education and Skills

- See more at: http://oecdeducationtoday.blogspot.com.es/2016/03/learning-by-heart-may-not-be-best-for.html#sthash.6FwMGLgm.dpuf

In some situations, memorisation is useful, even necessary. It can give students enough concrete facts on which to reflect; it can limit anxiety by reducing mathematics to a set of simple facts, rules and procedures; and it can help to develop fluency with numbers early in a child’s development, before the child is asked to tackle more complex problems. But to perform at the very top, 15-year-olds need to learn mathematics in a more reflective, ambitious and creative way – one that involves exploring alternative ways of finding solutions, making connections, adopting different perspectives and looking for meaning. So yes, you can use your memory; just use it strategically, lest Einstein call you a fool.

- See more at: http://oecdeducationtoday.blogspot.com.es/2016/03/learning-by-heart-may-not-be-best-for.html#sthash.6FwMGLgm.dpuf

PISA in Focus No. 61: Is memorisation a good strategy for learning mathematics?

 by Alfonso Echazarra - 

Fewer 15-year-olds in East Asian countries reported that they use memorisation than did 15-year-olds in some of the English-speaking countries to whom they are often compared.

 • In no PISA-participating education system did boys report more intensive use of memorisation than girls when learning mathematics.

• Memorisation as a learning strategy may work with easy problems, but it is unlikely to be effective if it is the only strategy used when confronted with complex mathematics problems.

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